"Despite support from the majority of the Security Council, Russia, along with China, has chosen to prevent action", Johnson said in a statement.
"It is a sad day on the security council when members start making excuses for other member states killing their own people", said Nikki Haley, the USA ambassador to the UN. "When members start making excuses for other member states killing their own people, the world is definitely a more risky place", Haley told council members.
British UN Ambassador Matthew Rycroft told the council before the vote: "This is about taking a stand when children are poisoned".
The Russian president referred to efforts to sanction Syria for its reported use of chemical weapons as "inappropriate." .
The Syrian government has repeatedly denied using chemical weapons in the war that has killed 310,000 people since March 2011.
Israel says no more visas for 'biased' HRW staff
HRW said that the decision marked an "ominous turn" after three decades of unimpeded access to Israel and the West Bank. The law did not specifically refer to left-wing organisations, but it is applicable to some 25 NGOs.
The proposed resolution also condemns "in the strongest terms any use of toxic chemicals as a weapon" by Syria's government or Islamic State extremists and demands an immediate halt.
The United States last month imposed sanctions on 18 senior Syrian military officers and officials over the use of chemical weapons.
The draft Security Council resolution would also ban all countries from supplying Syria's government with helicopters, which investigators have determined were used in chemical attacks.
"Today's clash or confrontation is not a result of our negative vote". Nine members of the security council voted in its favor, while three voted against it. Three nonpermanent members Egypt, Ethiopia and Kazakhstan abstained.
"We're wondering against who, and for what ends, this draft has been crafted", Safronkov said in defense of his veto. Syria also signed the worldwide Chemical Weapons Convention. "The fact that six out of 15 Security Council members did not support the resolution should make the co-authors ask themselves tough questions", he pointed. This behavior prevents justice and emboldens all parties to the conflict in Syria to act with indifference to worldwide law. That came after an attack on a Damascus suburb in August 2013 using poisonous sarin gas - seemingly crossing what then-President Obama had called a red line that could trigger US intervention.