Donald Trump is expected to disavow the Iran nuclear deal in a speech on Friday denouncing the government in Tehran, but will not call for the reimposition of sanctions that would have risked the collapse of the agreement, according to officials briefed on the president's intentions.
Trump is expected to unveil a broad strategy on confronting Iran this week, likely on Friday.
Second, Trump could call for greater non-nuclear sanctions on Iran as it seeks to punish the regime without violating the deal.
The deal, which gave Iran relief from economic sanctions in return for constraints on its nuclear program took effect in January 2016.
"Trita Parsi, National Iranian American Council " No evidence has been produced by either the International Atomic Energy Agency or U. Iran has always insisted that its nuclear program is for peaceful purposes and denies it has aimed to build an atomic bomb. The Trump administration also wants to amend the deal to guarantee inspection of all potential nuclear sites, including military sites that Iran claims are not subject to the current agreement. He must recertify the measure by October 15 because of unilateral conditions set by Congress.
"He's not walking away from it".
"Of all the places it could have been on the spectrum, this is very much at the better end", one European official said.
More than 180 House Democrats sent a letter to Trump last week calling on him to certify compliance unless he could produce "credible evidence of a material breach by Iran".
Global inspectors say Iran is in technical compliance with the accord, but Trump says Tehran is in violation of the spirit of the agreement and has done nothing to rein in its ballistic missile program or its financial and military support for Hezbollah and other extremist groups.
The agreement contains specific restrictions on Iran's nuclear program that will expire after predetermined periods of time.
The US, Mogherini added, would lose global trust "because a deal that America voted for just two years ago in the UN Security Council with a resolution unanimously adopted, a deal that America helped to shape enormously, enormously, would be rejected by the same country".
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Several diplomats have said Europe would be ready to discuss sanctioning Iran's ballistic missile tests and forming a strategy to curb Iran's influence in the region.
Beyond decertification, there are a number of ways the Trump administration could put pressure on Iran to come back to the negotiating table.
If he does not certify Iran's compliance to the conditions of the deal than congress will have to re-impose sanctions against Iran within 60 days.
Engel said the United States must "live up to our word".
Serious concern has been growing on the possible USA administration's withdrawal from Iran nuclear deal.
In anticipation of Trump's announcement this week, advocacy groups are beginning to mobilize in support of the agreement, and in opposition to Trump's reckless moves to undermine and dismantle it.
Two other USA officials, who also requested anonymity, said Trump's bellicose rhetoric on a number of fronts is troubling both many of his own aides and some of America's closest allies, a few of whom have asked US officials privately if Trump's real objective is attacking Iran's nuclear facilities.
He said Iran didn't want to see the deal unravel but that "much more is at stake for the entire worldwide community than the national interests of Iran". He called Trump's move to kick the deal to Congress a "trap" and "a tactic meant to reach the president's goal of tearing the deal apart".
Echoing Parsi's warnings in a letter (pdf) to the White House on Wednesday was the Nuclear Crisis Group (NCG), a team of former ambassadors and national security experts dedicated to highlighting and helping to deescalate nuclear threats across the globe.